New National Education Policy 2023 | નવી રાષ્ટ્રીય શિક્ષણ નીતિ 2023: New National Education Policy 2023 (New National Education Policy in Gujarati) is a major change in the education system of India. It replaces the previous education policy, which was in place for 34 years. The NEP was approved by the Government of India on 29 July 2020 and aims to revolutionize the way education is approached in the country. NEP follows a 5 3 3 4 structure, which will be explained in detail in this article. In this article, we will discuss the key aspects of NEP and give a thorough explanation of its 5 3 3 4 framework.
New Education Policy
The new National Education Policy 2023 (NEP) was introduced with the aim of educating, motivating and enlightening students in India. The government’s aim was to develop 21st century skills among the country’s students. The NEP has made significant changes from the previous education policy by focusing on research, innovation and quality. To ensure successful implementation of this policy, the government has allocated substantial funds. In 2021, the Education Minister announced that National Research Foundation will get INR 50,000 crore and Eklavya schools will get INR 40 crore. More details about NEP 2023 can be found in the rest of this article.
What is the vision of the new National Education Policy?
The vision of the new National Education Policy (NEP) is to build an India-centric education system that directly contributes to the development of a knowledge society through high-quality education. The aim is to build a robust education system and research facility in India that can provide global-standard education to students by eliminating the need to go abroad for their studies. The NEP aims to create an equitable and dynamic knowledge society through its reforms.
NEP 2023 Major Amendments
The new National Education Policy (NEP) of 2023 introduces several major reforms in the education system in India.
- Eliminating the distinction between arts, science, academic, vocational, curricular and extra-curricular subjects.
- Focusing on basic literacy and numeracy.
- By replacing the 10 2 structure with a 5 3 3 4 model.
- Increase government spending on education from 1.7% to 6% of GDP.
- Establishment of Gender Inclusion Fund.
- Providing extra support for gifted students.
- Creating four-year long undergraduate courses.
- A minimum qualification of four years integrated B.Ed course is required for teaching posts.
- Introduction of common entrance examination for admission to higher education institutions.
- Removing the Master of Philosophy course from the education system.
- Allowing students to choose subjects like arts, crafts, vocational skills and physical education in secondary school.
- Establishing a body PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) to set standards for board examinations.
- Inclusion of literature of India and other classical languages in the school curriculum.
- Conducting exams only for students in 2nd, 5th and 8th standard instead of every academic year.
The 5 3 3 4 framework is a major change introduced in the new National Education Policy (NEP) of 2023. It replaces the traditional 10 2 structure that has been in place for a long time. 5 3 3 4 The framework divides a student’s schooling into four parts: Secondary, Middle, Preparatory and Foundational. These stages are designed to be important milestones in a student’s learning. The breakdown of these phases is as follows:
- Secondary: Grades 6-8 (5 years)
- Middle: Grades 9-10 (3 years)
- Preparatory: Grades 11-12 (3 years)
- Foundational: Grades 1-5 (4 years)
The Foundation Stage is the first stage of schooling and covers the initial development of students over a period of five years. This includes three years of pre-primary education as well as first and second grade.
The preparatory stage is the second stage of schooling and lasts for three years. It covers classes 3-5 and is meant to lay the foundation for the middle and secondary stages.
The middle stage is the third stage of schooling and covers classes 6-8. It prepares students for the final stage of their school life, the secondary stage.
The secondary stage is the final stage of schooling and lasts for four years, covering grades 9-12. Its purpose is to complete the secondary education of the student.
5 3 3 4 The framework is meant to provide a more holistic and flexible approach to learning, allowing students to explore different topics and develop different skills. It differs from the 10 2 framework, which focuses more on specialized subjects and prepares students for higher education.
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Higher Education under the New National Education Policy
Higher education plays a crucial role in improving human well-being and development of India. The new National Education Policy (NEP) aims to increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education from 26.3% to 50% by 2035 and add about 3.5 million new seats in higher education institutions.
Under the NEP, undergraduate education can be three or four years long with various entry and exit options. Multidisciplinary education and research universities of global standards will also be established. The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be the sole body responsible for all higher education (except medical and legal education). It will have four independent verticals: National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for direction, General Education Council (GEC) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for sponsorship, and National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.
The NEP also aims to globalize higher education and establish an academic bank of credits, where credits earned by students from various higher education institutions can be stored and transferred while pursuing their final degrees. The National Research Foundation will act as a peak body to promote a strong research culture and build research capacity in higher education.
New National Education Policy 2023 | નવી રાષ્ટ્રીય શિક્ષણ નીતિ 2023
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