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Bharat Ni Bhugol :
This is known as India in most of the local languages of the country. The country is known as India after Bharat, son of Shakuntala and Dushyant. Bharat Raja was extremely valiant and he achieved many victories.
However, at the international level, India is better known as ‘India’. According to Article 1 of the Constitution of India, this country will be known as ‘Bharat’ or ‘India’. The name India is derived from the river Indus, from which the word “Hindu” was formed in the Old Persian language. The word ‘Indus’ was formed by a corruption of the Hindu word, from which the country got the name ‘India’. In ancient Greek, the country was known as ‘Indoi’, meaning ‘People of Indu’.
Apart from this, in Persian language this country is also known as ‘Hindustan’ i.e. ‘Land of Hindus’.
India is geographically surrounded by natural boundaries. The inaccessible Himalayan mountains in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south, the dense forests in the east, and the vast deserts in the west distinguish it from other continents. This is why it is known as the Indian subcontinent. It is also called Jambudvipa in Sanskrit as it is shaped like a diamond. Modern science also believes that the Indian subcontinent will be protected from water all around the east and will slowly slide upwards and collide with the Asian continent.
The mountainous region of the north
Himalayan mountain range
Himachal or the Himalayas are located in the north of India. It blocks cold winds from the North Pole. The Himalayan range extends from Myanmar or Burma in the east to Afghanistan in the west. It serves as a natural political boundary between China and India. Countries like Nepal and Bhutan are located in this mountain range.
Rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna, Indus (now in Pakistan), Brahmaputra, etc. originate from the Himalayas.
Central and southern plains
Rivers from the Himalayas flow through the plains to its south and central India, and eventually to the Indian Ocean – the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. These plains are the most densely populated region in the world as they are very fertile and arable. Indian culture thrives in this area. This area is of great importance mythologically. Great kings of India, individuals are born in this area.
Forests of the east
In the east of India, there are dense forests in the border states like Arunachal Pradesh and the region connecting Myanmar. The region receives abundant rainfall. Cherrapunji receives the highest rainfall (100 inches) in the world. The soil is very fertile due to abundant rainfall.
Deserts of the west
To the west of India are the small, large deserts of Kutch and the deserts of Thar. Historical India extended to the borders of Afghanistan and Iran. Foreign invaders would enter India by crossing the Karakoram Pass instead of this desert. Today the desert of Kutch is in Gujarat and the desert of Thar is in Rajasthan and Pakistan. India has also tested an atomic bomb in this desert pond area.
The southern part of India is surrounded on three sides by the sea. South India is bordered by the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south. The sea includes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India, the islands of Lakshadweep and the islands of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Bhushir in the Indian Ocean of India is known as Kanyakumari. Rainfall in India depends on the climate of the ocean. India has a coastline of 12 km, which is the longest in the word
Bharat Ni Bhugol Mcq Online Test :
|Online Test No.:||18|
|Subject :||Bharat Ni Bhugol|
|Total Marks :||25|
|Total questions :||25|
|Time Required :||12 Minutes|
|Created By :||www.gkgujarat.in|